Located in the Lerma Valley in north-western Argentina at 1,152 m above sea level, Salta is a city of just under one million people. It has become an increasingly popular tourist destination due to a combination of its good weather, colonial architecture, and stunning natural scenery. Founded in 1582 by Spanish conquistadors, the city has a long and interesting history, much of the early days of which can be seen at the Museum of Archaeology in Alta Montaña in the city's old centre on Ninth of July Square. From here you can make your way to the impressive neoclassical Cathedral, the Cabildo (the old town hall, now housing a museum), and also the Museum of Contemporary Art, for a truly cultural day out. As many visitors to this wonderful part of Argentina will testify, the city's green and mountainous surroundings are not to be missed. It's worth taking a drive up San Bernardo Hill, where you can get an awe-inspiring view of the city and the whole Lerma Valley. Take your car over to the Reserva del Huaico, a 60-hectare cloud forest where you can go hiking or just wander around this stunning natural surrounding.